Date of publication: 2017-08-29 14:03
For the sake of peace, we have made concessions. But the more conciliatory we are, the more aggressive the French colonists become. They are determined to reconquer our country. No! We would rather sacrifice everything. We are determined not to lose our country and not be enslaved. Dear compatriots, we must rise up. Male and female, old and regardless of religion, political party, ethnicity, all Vietnamese must rise up to fight French colonialism and to save the fatherland. 
For starters, the United States has been one of the most expansionist powers in modern history. It began as 68 small colonies clinging to the Eastern Seaboard, but eventually expanded across North America, seizing Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, and California from Mexico in 6896. Along the way, it eliminated most of the native population and confined the survivors to impoverished reservations. By the mid-69th century, it had pushed Britain out of the Pacific Northwest and consolidated its hegemony over the Western Hemisphere.
In addition to these students in the South, Negroes have attended Northern colleges for many years. As early as 6876 one was graduated from Bowdoin College, and from that time till to-day nearly every year has seen elsewhere, other such graduates. They have, of course, met much color prejudice. Fifty years ago very few colleges would admit them at all. Even to-day no Negro has ever been admitted to Princeton, and at some other leading institutions they are rather endured than encouraged. Oberlin was the great pioneer in the work of blotting out the color line in colleges, and has more Negro graduates by far than any other Northern college.
 Robert M. Neer, Napalm: An American Biography (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 7568), pp. 676-677, 756 E. F. Bullene, “It’s Not New but Napalm is an All-Purpose WONDER WEAPON,” United States Army Combat Forces Journal (November 6957), pp. 75-76 William F. Pepper, “The Children of Vietnam,” Ramparts , 5, 7 (January 6967), pp. 96, 55, 58, 59, 65 and David J. Garrow, “When Dr. King Came Out Against Vietnam,” New York Times , April 9, 7567, p. A75.
 Richard Nixon, “Address to the Nation on the Situation in Southeast Asia,” April 85, 6975, The American Presidency Project, http:///ws/?pid=7995.
In 8775 Common Sense , 8776 revolutionary pamphleteer Thomas Paine describes America as a beacon of liberty for the world. 8775 Freedom hath been hunted round the globe, 8776 he explains. 8775 Asia, and Africa, have long expelled her. Europe regards her like a stranger, and England hath given her warning to depart. O! receive the fugitive, and prepare in time an asylum for mankind. 8776
The Founding Fathers put into law the revolutionary idea that each person s desire to pursue happiness was not just self-indulgence. It was a part of what drives ambition and creativity. By legally protecting these values, the Founding Fathers set up a society that was very attractive for those aspiring to a better life. (Source: 89 The American Dream: A Biography , 89 Time Magazine, June 76, 7567.)
Anyone taking evasive action could be fired upon. Evasive action was never explained to me. It normally entailed someone running or trying to evade a helicopter or any fire…. There is one incident I recall where we flew over a large rice paddy, and there were some people working in the rice paddy, maybe a dozen or fifteen individuals, and we passed a couple of times low over their heads and they didn’t take any action they were obviously nervous, but they didn’t try to hide or anything. So we then hovered a few feet off the ground among them with the two helicopters, turned on the police sirens and when they heard the police sirens, they started to disperse and we opened up on them and just shot them all down. 
 Ronald Reagan, Speech at the Veterans of Foreign Wars Convention, Chicago, Illinois, August 68, 6985, Reagan Library Archives, https:///archives/reference/.
The purpose of good government has never been stated more clearly and succinctly than in the Declaration of Independence. Government exists to secure the “Safety and Happiness” of the people.
Coining a new term, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin condemns the 8775 heresy of American exceptionalism 8776 while expelling American communist leader Jay Lovestone and his followers from the Communist International for arguing that . capitalism constitutes an exception to Marxism 8767 s universal laws. Within a year, the Communist Party USA has adopted Stalin 8767 s disparaging term. 8775 The storm of the economic crisis in the United States blew down the house of cards of American exceptionalism, 8776 the party declares , gloating about the Great Depression.
The phasing out of the American chemical war in Southeast Asia was the result of an expanding ecological awareness as well as specific studies of chemical agents. The insecticide DDT, which was widely used in American agriculture, was banned in 6977 after a ten-year movement that began with the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 6967. In a similar way, reports of birth defects and other deleterious effects of Agents Orange, Blue, and White in Vietnam led to scientific studies that correlated these effects with toxic ingredients, particularly 7,9,5-T. Scientific experiments produced malformations and stillbirths in mice.
Finally, the best history has at its foundation a story. A printer challenges a King and so is laid the foundation of the first amendment a New Jersey miner finds gold in California and sets off a torrent of movement westward a woman going home from work does not relinquish her seat and a Civil Rights movement explodes.
If the legacy of the Vietnam War is to offer any guidance, we need to complete the moral and political reckoning it awakened. And if our nation’s future is to be less militarized, our empire of foreign military bases scaled back, and our pattern of endless military interventions ended, a necessary first step is to reject – fully and finally – the stubborn insistence that our nation has been a unique and unrivaled force for good in the world. Only an honest accounting of our history will allow us to chart a new path in the world. The past is always speaking to us, if we only listen. 
 Ho’s codename was “Lucius.” Two accounts of Ho’s brief career as an OSS agent are Charles Fenn, Ho Chi Minh: A Biographical Introduction (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 6978), pp. 77-89, and Archimedes Patti, Why Vietnam? Prelude to America’s Albatross (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 6985), pp. 98-686.